Area: 1,47,181 sq. Km
Population: 275 Million
Geo Location: Longitude – 80° 4′ East – 88° 12′ East
Latitude – 26° 22′ North – 30° 27′ North
Climate: Tropical, Sub-Tropical, and Cold
Political System: Federal Democratic Republic System
National Language: Nepali
Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia and the world’s youngest republic. It is bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres; and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and the country’s largest metropolitan city. Nepal is a country of highly diverse and rich geography, culture, and religions. The mountainous north has eight of the world’s ten highest mountains, including the highest, Mount Everest. The fertile and humid south is heavily urbanized. By some measures, Hinduism is practised by a greater majority of people in Nepal than in any other nation. Buddhism, though a minority faith in the country, is linked historically with Nepal the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautam, who as the Buddha Gautam gave birth to the Buddhist tradition. About half of the population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.